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Types, symptoms & prevention methods to tackle the deadly "Mucormycosis" fungus.

Fri Jun 11, 2021 Comment By : Surat Municipal Corporation

Mucormycosis has been declared a pandemic in many states across India. According to “CDC” Centre for Disease Control & Prevention:
“Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness. It most commonly affects the sinuses or the lungs after inhaling fungal spores from the air."
The Mucormycosis fungus can also occur on one’s skin after a cut, burn or any other type of external damage. The symptoms of mucormycosis depend on where in the body the fungus is growing.

Symptoms of rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis are:
• One-sided facial swelling
• Headache
• Nasal or sinus congestion
• Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside of the mouth that quickly become more severe
• Fever

Symptoms of pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis are:
• Fever
• Cough
• Chest pain
• Shortness of breath

Cutaneous (skin) Mucormycosis looks like blisters or ulcers. Its symptoms include pain, warmth, excessive redness, swelling around a wound or visible darkening of infected areas of the skin.
Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Mucormycosis are:
• Abdominal pain
• Nausea and vomiting
• Gastrointestinal bleeding

Another subtype of this disease is called Disseminated Mucormycosis which occurs in either sick or people with ongoing medical conditions. Patients with disseminated infection in the brain can suffer mental status changes or coma.

Mucormycosis, though not being contagious does spread through direct/indirect, internal/external contact with fungal spores present in the environment. Mucormycosis carries a risk factor for people with ongoing medical conditions such as:
• Diabetes, especially with diabetic ketoacidosis
• Cancer
• Organ transplant
• Stem cell transplant
• Neutropenia (low number of white blood cells)
• Long-term corticosteroid use
• Injection drug use
• Too much iron in the body (iron overload or hemochromatosis)
• Skin injury because of surgery, burns, or wounds
• Prematurity and low birthweight (for neonatal gastrointestinal mucormycosis)

Protecting your skin by wearing long gloves, long pants, mask, long sleeves shirts while going out in the outdoor environment & using antifungal medication can prevent you from being in contact with the Mucormycosis fungus. If you notice any of these above-mentioned symptoms, get medical help on an immediate basis. To get the important & rare injection Liposomal Amphotericin B that’s used in the treatment of Mucormycosis, contact SMC by emailing the required documents on injamphotericinbsmimer@gmail.com

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